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1050 S. Tuttle Avenue
Sarasota, FL 34237

(941) 538-6822

A preschool age child:

  • Can produce rhyming words
  • Can divide words into syllables
  • Can discriminate rhyming words
  • Can divide words into phonemes
  • Can delete roots, syllables, and phonemes
    Example: Say “cowboy”. Now say it again, but don’t say boy
  • Can substitute a phoneme to form a new word
    Example: Say “F” – “u” – “n” “What is that?”; Now say it again, but change the “f” to “s”
  • Can identify a phoneme by it’s position in a word
    (beggining, middle, end)

Dyslexia is:

    • Often unexpected
    • Neurobiological in origin
    • A specific learning disability
    • Has secondary consequences
    • A defecit in phonological components
    • Inaccurate or non-fluent word recognition
    • A deficit in spelling and decoding abilities
    • For more on Dyslexia visit our Dyslexia Page

A child who is age 6:

  • Can write words
  • Can write sentencese
  • Can decode nonsense words
  • Can segment words into syllables
  • Can identify sounds and letters(sound symbol relationship)
  • Can begin to decode
    (vc, vcv, words with blends (2 and 3 letters), words with consonant digraphs, magic e words, etc.)

A child in 2-5th grade:

  • Spells well
  • Enjoys reading and writing
  • Has appropriate or strong written expression
  • Has appropriate or strong reading strategies
  • Can recall sight words quickly without much repetition
  • Comprehends reading material on or above grade level
  • Reads accurately: Can decode words on or above grade level

If I have my child tested, what tests will he / he need to have administered?

Screening for dyslexia: Certain tests / tasks should be included in the psychological battery of tests:

  • Phoneme awareness tasks in kindergarten beginning first grade level.
  • Timed test of letter naming or letter-sound associations in kindergarten and beginning first grade level.
  • Direct measure of decoding and word recognition toward the middle and end of first grade and beyond.
  • Oral reading fluency, a timed test that combines reading rate and accuracy, once the student can read connected text.

Critical Skills for Successful Readers

  • Phonological awareness
  • Automatic and accurate letter naming
  • Letter-sound association
  • Word reading accuracy and fluency
  • Passage reading fluency and comprehension

Essential Component of Effective Reading Instruction

  • Phonemic awareness
  • Written Expression
  • Speaking and listening
  • Phonics and Word Recognition
  • Fluency
  • Vocabulary
  • Comprehension

Source: The Information provided on this page was compiled by the International Dyslexia Association and The Schenk School